Select a letter to browse an alphabetical listing of terms and definitions.
Canadian Infantry Corps
Administrative unit authorized in September 1942 to administer reinforcements for infantry units.
Canadian Intelligence Corps (CIC)
Intelligence gathering unit authorized in October 1942 that succeeded the Corps of Guides.
Fleet of small government vessels operated by the Department of Marine and Fisheries from the time of Confederation, that performed coast guard duties, such as fisheries patrols, lighthouse supply and ocean rescue. Vessels of the Canadian Marine hoisted the blue ensign with the arms of Canada and the blue pennant. At the beginning of the 20th century, there were 28 vessels in the fleet, 11 of which were "cruisers". These cruisers were lightly armed and manned by crews uniformed and disciplined in the manner of the Royal Navy. In 1904, the Canada and the Vigilant joined the fleet. These two cruisers were really small warships and had ram bows, searchlights and permanent gun mountings. The Canadian Marine was Canada's armed naval force until the creation of the Royal Canadian Navy in 1910.
See also: Naval Brigade, Royal Canadian Navy, Sea Fencible
Canadian Officers Training Corps (COTC)
Military training corps for students formed at various Canadian universities, beginning in November 1912. Designed to encourage young men to continue their training and join the militia or regular forces after graduation, it is similar to the American Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC).
Canadian Parachute Corps
Formed in July 1942, the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion was part of the British 6th Airborne Division. Jumped in Normandy, June 1944 and in north-western Europe 1944 to 1945.