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Date > 1000

Subject > Politics and Society > Museums, Monuments and Memorials

Reconstructed earth and timber house at l’Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland

Type: Image

This house was reconstructed in the style of those built by the Vikings at l’Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland around the year 1000. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

The bay at l’Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland

Type: Image

L’Anse aux Meadows was the site of a Viking settlement at around the year 1,000. The area is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site of Canada:The Viking Encampment Vinland 1000 AD.

Type: Document

In the early years of the 11th century, the first Europeans to set foot in North America arrived on the shores of modern day L'Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland. These Scandinavians, collectively known as the Norse, had travelled west from their colonies in Iceland and Greenland. They had not come to raid, but to cut timber, hunt and explore the unknown wilderness they called Vinland.

Site: Parks Canada

L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site of Canada: The Vinland Saga

Type: Document

The early accounts of Viking discoveries, including their discovery of North America, come to us from the sagas ; ancient Norse stories that were told by word of mouth for many years, and later written down for future generations to read. (The earliest written version of the sagas dates back to the twelfth century.) The beginning of the Vikings' movement westward toward North America can be traced by reading in the Sagas of the sea voyages of Erik the Red and Bjarni Herjolfsson.

Site: Parks Canada

L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site of Canada: Parks Canada's 3-D Tours: Archaeology

Type: Interactive Resource

Parks Canada has provided a virtual doorway to explore Canada's national historic sites. Online tours enable the user to travel to sites where a lasting story is revealed through archaeological resources where little or no other evidence exists. Both virtual and text tours are available. The L’Anse aux Meadows site was founded in the early 11th century by Norse expeditions launched from a Norse colony in southern Greenland . The Norse left traces of eight buildings and about 750 artifacts associated with them.

Site: Parks Canada

L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site of Canada: Exploring Archaeology Activity

Type: Interactive Resource

Until the 1960s, Sagas, or Legends, originating in the 11th century, were the only evidence archaeologists had that the Norse people came to North America before other Europeans. These stories were passed down orally, and written down in the 13th and 14th centuries. century. Many of the details of these stories remain open to speculation. In the following activity, you'll have the opportunity to formulate your own opinion by examining the documentary and archaeological evidence.

Site: Parks Canada

Bronze Viking cloak pin, circa 1000

Type: Image

Cloak pins similar to this bronze artifact (excavated from a settlement discovered at l'Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland) were very popular among the Vikings. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence