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Date > 1000

Subject > Politics and Society > Personal Histories

L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site of Canada: The Vinland Saga

Type: Document

The early accounts of Viking discoveries, including their discovery of North America, come to us from the sagas ; ancient Norse stories that were told by word of mouth for many years, and later written down for future generations to read. (The earliest written version of the sagas dates back to the twelfth century.) The beginning of the Vikings' movement westward toward North America can be traced by reading in the Sagas of the sea voyages of Erik the Red and Bjarni Herjolfsson.

Site: Parks Canada

L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site of Canada: Exploring Archaeology Activity

Type: Interactive Resource

Until the 1960s, Sagas, or Legends, originating in the 11th century, were the only evidence archaeologists had that the Norse people came to North America before other Europeans. These stories were passed down orally, and written down in the 13th and 14th centuries. century. Many of the details of these stories remain open to speculation. In the following activity, you'll have the opportunity to formulate your own opinion by examining the documentary and archaeological evidence.

Site: Parks Canada