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Organization > Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Subject > Politics and Society > War Victims

Sir Ernest MacMillan Recalls Being a POW

Type: Sound

They called it "The Great War" and "The War to End All Wars" – though of course it didn't. When hostilities erupted in Europe in 1914, Canadians rushed to Britain's side. But the cost was terrible: more than 60,000 were killed, 172,000 wounded. There are no more Canadian combat veterans alive to recall the horrors of the First World War, but their voices and memories live on in the archives of the CBC. Lest we forget, here are some of their stories.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Auschwitz: Mengele's Twins

Type: Film and Video

Six decades after Auschwitz was liberated, the biggest and most brutal Nazi death camp remains a potent symbol of terror and genocide. More than a million Jews were murdered there, as well as tens of thousands of Poles, Gypsies and Soviet prisoners of war. When Allied soldiers liberated the complex in Poland in January 1945, they found skeletal prisoners, mounds of corpses, gas chambers and cooling crematoria. Survivors scattered, many to Canada, to rebuild their lives. But the Nazi atrocities they witnessed have echoed through the years along with the cry "Never again."

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Japanese Internment Re-examined

Type: Film and Video

Debunking of myth of threat posed by Japanese-Canadians during the Second World War, through interviews with both government officials and victims of internment. Argument that it was in fact the very act of resettling and interning Japanese-Canadians that could have alienated them enough to pose a threat in case of Japanese invasion of the Pacific coast.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Auschwitz: Hana's Suitcase

Type: Film and Video

It's a remarkable story of survival, perseverance and hope and it all began with a plain brown suitcase. As told in this excerpt of the award-winning documentary, the owner of the suitcase was Hana Brady, a Jewish girl from Czechoslovakia who died at Auschwitz in 1944. She was just 13. Her story would have been forgotten if it weren't for Fumiko Ishioka, the director of the children's Holocaust Education Centre in Tokyo.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Japanese Canadians: Redress Opposition

Type: Film and Video

Canadian war veterans discuss and explain the reasons behind their opposition to reparations for Japanese-Canadians.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Auschwitz: Hana's Suitcase Turns out to be a Replica

Type: Film and Video

The Auschwitz Museum admits the original suitcase was destroyed in a fire.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Bombing Ignites the City - Battle for Quebec - Battle for a Continent

Type: Document

The British siege of Quebec began the night of Thursday, July 12, 1759. In that first day, three hundred British bombs fell on Quebec. Many churches were destroyed. From the television series "Canada: A People's History." Includes links to educational resources, bibliography, games, puzzles, and video clips.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Auschwitz: Reliving Genocide

Type: Film and Video

Aging can be a cruel joke for the 65,000 elderly Holocaust survivors in Canada. Dementia is making some of them relive their imprisonment in Nazi death camps. For others, long-buried feelings of depression and survivor's guilt are haunting them afresh. The everyday sound of a barking dog can trigger memories of being bitten by an SS guard dog, producing a terror that is inexplicable to those around them, as we see in this CBC Television clip.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

VE-Day Countdown: 'This Country of Unspeakable Evil'

Type: Film and Video

Seasoned war reporter Matthew Halton of the CBC is staggered by the sight of prisoners -- "bags of bones" -- in liberated Nazi prison camps. In labour camps, prisoner-of-war camps and political prisons, enemies of the Nazi regime have been starved, tortured and murdered -- atrocities that have shocked the rest of the world.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

1988: Government apologizes to Japanese Canadians

Type: Film and Video

A formal apology and financial compensation package is passed into law for the Japanese-Canadian community, to redress their internment and relocation during the Second World War.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation