Canadian Military History Gateway
Organization > Canadian War Museum
Subject > Soldiers, Warriors and Leaders > Population Groups
On 6 June 1944, Allied forces invaded Western Europe along an 80-kilometre front in Normandy, France. Of the nearly 150,000 Allied troops who landed or parachuted into the invasion area on D-Day, 14,000 were Canadians.
Canadian War Museum
On 8 February 1945, the Canadians helped deal a deathblow to German resistance. Fighting through the Rhineland and piercing the formidable Siegfried Line, they penetrated the Reichswald and Hochwald forests.
In Canada’s first sustained land operation of the war, Canadian troops helped capture Sicily in a five-week campaign beginning 10 July 1943.
An article about the origins of the South African War and Canada's involvement in it. Includes reading list.
During the 1750s, British North American colonies grew to the point that they began to spread into territory already occupied by the French colonies and First Peoples. After the expulsion of British settlers in 1754, an undeclared war broke out between French and British colonies.
In September 1944, First Canadian Army fought to liberate the heavily-fortified ports of Boulogne and Calais from Germans in order to allow Britain's desperately-needed supply ships access to dock in Antwerp, Belgium.
In November 1941, Canada sent 1975 troops to help garrison the British colony of Hong Kong. Despite fighting valiantly, 290 Canadians were killed in action and 300 more died in capitivity.
As early as 1000 CE, encounters between Europeans and First Peoples often led to violence.
By 1918, German U-boats lurked off Canada’s east coast. At this time the Royal Canadian Navy was very small. As a result, Great Britain assumed direct responsibility for defending the sea approaches to Canada.
In April 1942, the federal government held a national plebiscite asking Canadians to release it from its “no conscription” pledge. While more than 70% of Canadians voted “yes”, four-fifths of Quebecers voted “no”.