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Organization > Canadian War Museum

Subject > Wars, Battles and Conflicts > French Regime, 1603-1760

War and the Foundation of Canada - The Seven Years’ War

Type: Document

During the 1750s, British North American colonies grew to the point that they began to spread into territory already occupied by the French colonies and First Peoples. After the expulsion of British settlers in 1754, an undeclared war broke out between French and British colonies.

Site: Canadian War Museum

War and the Foundation of Canada - American Invasion

Type: Document

From 1763 to 1776, British and Canadiens co-operated to defend Canada during the American Revolution. Two American armies, intent on weakening Britain’s position in North America, invaded Canada.

Site: Canadian War Museum

War and the Foundation of Canada - Clash Of Empires

Type: Document

Eventually war erupted in North America between competing English and French colonies during the 17th century. In 1713, France ceded much of Acadia (now New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island) to Britain and abandoned its claims to Newfoundland. They retained control of Cape Breton, where they built the fortress of Louisburg to protect their fishing and shipping interests.

Site: Canadian War Museum

War and the Foundation of Canada - The Siege Of Québec

Type: Document

Major-General James Wolfe and 4800 British troops finally capture Quebec City after an intense battle on the Plains of Abraham.

Site: Canadian War Museum

War and the Foundation of Canada - The Fall Of New France

Type: Document

During the summer of 1760, three British armies converged on Montreal. The Anglo-French struggle for supremacy in North America was almost over.

Site: Canadian War Museum