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Organization > Canadian War Museum

Subject > Weapons, Equipment and Fortifications > Fortified Sites

Canada within the Empire - Fortifying Canada. 1815-1837

Type: Document

The United States and Great Britain signed the Rush-Bagot Treaty in 1817 and peace settled between Canada and United States. Despite this agreement, both sides remained wary and built defensive installations to facilitate the transport of troops and supplies in preparation for possible future disputes.

Site: Canadian War Museum

War and the Foundation of Canada - Clash Of Empires

Type: Document

Eventually war erupted in North America between competing English and French colonies during the 17th century. In 1713, France ceded much of Acadia (now New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island) to Britain and abandoned its claims to Newfoundland. They retained control of Cape Breton, where they built the fortress of Louisburg to protect their fishing and shipping interests.

Site: Canadian War Museum