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Organization > Canadian War Museum

Date > 1700

War and the Foundation of Canada - The Seven Years’ War

Type: Document

During the 1750s, British North American colonies grew to the point that they began to spread into territory already occupied by the French colonies and First Peoples. After the expulsion of British settlers in 1754, an undeclared war broke out between French and British colonies.

Site: Canadian War Museum

War and the Foundation of Canada - American Invasion

Type: Document

From 1763 to 1776, British and Canadiens co-operated to defend Canada during the American Revolution. Two American armies, intent on weakening Britain’s position in North America, invaded Canada.

Site: Canadian War Museum

War and the Foundation of Canada - Clash Of Empires

Type: Document

Eventually war erupted in North America between competing English and French colonies during the 17th century. In 1713, France ceded much of Acadia (now New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island) to Britain and abandoned its claims to Newfoundland. They retained control of Cape Breton, where they built the fortress of Louisburg to protect their fishing and shipping interests.

Site: Canadian War Museum

War and the Foundation of Canada - The Siege Of Québec

Type: Document

Major-General James Wolfe and 4800 British troops finally capture Quebec City after an intense battle on the Plains of Abraham.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Canada within the Empire - British North America 1776-1812

Type: Document

Canada's English-speaking population grew significantly when American Loyalists flooded northward after America's independence in 1783. As a result, New Brunswick was created in 1784 and the division of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada (now Ontario and Quebec) occurred in 1791.

Site: Canadian War Museum

War and the Foundation of Canada - The Fall Of New France

Type: Document

During the summer of 1760, three British armies converged on Montreal. The Anglo-French struggle for supremacy in North America was almost over.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Revolution Rejected: Canada and the American Revolution

Type: Document

"Revolution Rejected" is an exhibition at the Canadian War Museum that illustrates, through diorama, the military experience of the siege of Quebec City by American soldiers and the personal experience of a young American girl from a Loyalist family who survived the American Revolution and sought refuge in Canada after 1783.

Site: Canadian War Museum

War and the Foundation of Canada - New France And The Iroquois Wars

Type: Document

Samuel de Champlain shot and killed two Iroquois chiefs in 1609 at Ticonderoga. This set off a long, bitter war between the French colonists and the Iroquois Confederacy.

Site: Canadian War Museum

War and the Foundation of Canada - New France’s Militarized Society

Type: Document

From 1650 to 1760, French settlements in Québec City, Montréal, and Trois-Rivières created a society organized for war. Under the order of Louis XIV, King of France, every man underwent mandatory military training. Supported by allies of the First Peoples and a small garrison of professional soldiers, the Canadien militia formed the backbone of the colony’s military forces until the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763).

Site: Canadian War Museum