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Enemy Air Action and the Canadian Army in the United Kingdom, 1939-43

Type: Document

This report is an account of the effect of enemy air action on units and men of the Canadian Army in the United Kingdom during the period 1939 – 1943, and of the part played by Canadian units in the defence of Britain against the enemy air force in those years.

Site: National Defence

Air Force Roles

Type: Document

WW1 saw many innovations in strategic and night bombing, aerial combat tactics, and the support of ground troops. Non-military targeting became part of the military strategy for air warfare, a development that later influenced the course of the Second World War.

Site: National Defence

1st Canadian Parachute Battalion in France, 6 June - 6 September 1944

Type: Document

This is the history of the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion and its involvement in the Allied Invasion of France. The period covered is from D-day, June 6, 1944, to the unit's return to England on September 6, 1944. It replaces a previous report on this Battalion.

Site: National Defence

Squadron-Commander Raymond Collishaw and pilots of No.203 Squadron, Royal Air Force, July 1918

Type: Image

By the end of the First World War, Canadians made up roughly one quarter of the strength of the British Royal Air Force formed in April 1918. More than 8,000 Canadians served in the RAF and its predecessors, the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) and Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS). This photograph shows one famous Canadian fighter pilot, Squadron- Commander Raymond Collishaw (1893-1975), along with his British and Imperial pilots at Allonville, France, July 1918. 208 Squadron was formed in February 1914 as Number 3 Squadron, RNAS. The aircraft in the background are the famous Sopwith F.1 'Camel.' (Library and Archives Canada, PA-002792)

Site: National Defence

1st Canadian Parachute Battalion in France (6 June - 6 September 1944)

Type: Document

This is the story of the participation of the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion in the Allied Invasion of France. The period covered is from D-day, June 6, 1944, to the unit's return to England on September 6, 1944.

Site: National Defence

Operation "PLUNDER" - The Canadian Participation in the Assault Across the Rhine and the Expansion of the Bridgehead by 2 Canadian Corps, 23/24 March - 1 April 1945

Type: Document

One of a series of reports dealing with the operations of the First Canadian Army in North-West Europe. It describes the part played by the Canadians in the assault across the Rhine.

Site: National Defence

Fleet Air Arm

Type: Document

During WW1, an Allied fleet air arm pioneered strategic bombing and the development of aircraft carriers as part of their war against submarines and the enemy coasts.

Site: National Defence

Offensive Air Support of First Canadian Army during Operations in North-West Europe

Type: Document

By the beginning of 1944, Headquarters of First Canadian Army was in a reasonably good position to do its share in the planning and control of whatever air support was assigned to it during the impending operations in North-West Europe. Under General McNaughton, the Canadians had closely followed the development of the British War Office policy on air support of ground operations.

Site: National Defence

Effectiveness of the Air Arm

Type: Document

The effectiveness of the Allied air arm was tested during the Battle of Amiens in August 1918.

Site: National Defence

Canadian Aviators

Type: Document

Many Canadians served in the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Naval Air Service during the war. While Canada did have an infant aviation industry, the war accelerated the development and production of aircraft in Canada. Aerial supremacy over the battlefield shifted with the introduction of new technical developments in aircraft.

Site: National Defence