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Subject > Strategy and Tactics > Amphibious

Date > 1700

The Attack On Acadia

Type: Document

The resumption of hostilities saw French privateers from Port-Royal attacking ships from New England. The British colonies made two unsuccessful attempts to take the French port before a final expedition supported by British troops and the Royal Navy succeeded in 1710.

Site: National Defence

Fort Prince of Wales Captured

Type: Document

Fort Prince of Wales quickly fell to the French in 1782. Built there by the British Hudson's Bay Company after French general d'Iberville's raids in the late seventeenth century, the fort was a very strong stone structure, built in the European fashion. It was, however, very lightly garrisoned.

Site: National Defence

Attack at Montmorency Fails

Type: Document

The British siege of Quebec began in the summer of 1759 with General Wolfe's army establishing a camp on the Île d'Orléans south of Quebec. Then it began trying to force its way onto the north shore of the St. Lawrence. An attack near Montmorency Falls on July 31, 1759 failed.

Site: National Defence

Planned Invasion Above Cap Rouge - Battle for Quebec - Battle for a Continent

Type: Document

Facing possible humiliating defeat in Quebec, General Wolfe goes against his three brigadiers' plans for an invasion upriver, after bad weather causes delays. Instead, Wolfe wanders downriver and lands 5000 men at l'Anse au Foulon, a point which offered no plausible route to the fortress. From the television series "Canada: A People's History." Includes links to educational resources, bibliography, games, puzzles, and video clips.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Wolfe's Desperate Plan

Type: Document

In September 1759, desperate to bring Montcalm's army to battle at Quebec, General Wolfe ordered a night time landing and scaling of the cliffs just west of the city. The risk was great, but the British army successfully landed on September 13th.

Site: National Defence

Lapérouse at Hudson Bay

Type: Document

In 1782, as part of a strategy of raids on British colonies, the French sent an expedition of three warships into Hudson Bay. It was commanded by the Comte de Lapérouse, who later became a great Pacific explorer.

Site: National Defence

Meagre French Resources, Strong British Effort

Type: Document

French fears of an attack on Quebec were confirmed when a British fleet appeared in mid-June 1759. It carried a formidable force of British regular troops, commanded by General James Wolfe. A favourite of King George II, Wolfe was erratic but beloved by his soldiers.

Site: National Defence

Invasion of the Beauport Shore - Battle for Quebec - Battle for a Continent

Type: Document

General James Wolfe launches an invasion of Quebec at the Beauport trenches. The assault fails, and the Governor the Marquis de Vaudreuil is jubilant. From the television series "Canada: A People's History." Includes links to educational resources, bibliography, games, puzzles, video clips, and biography of General Montcalm.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

The Failed Invasion Of 1711

Type: Document

When Britain and France went to war again in 1701, raids into New England resumed. A strong British force aimed at capturing Quebec was turned aside by a disaster at sea in 1711. News of this forestalled an invasion by American militia via Lake Champlain.

Site: National Defence

A view of the taking of Quebec, 13th September 1759

Type: Image

This 1797 engraving is based on a sketch made by Hervey Smyth, General Wolfe's aide-de-camp during the siege of Quebec in 1759. (Library of the Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence