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Subject > Strategy and Tactics > Guerrilla

Date > 1600

Another Round Of Iroquois Wars

Type: Document

The Iroquois pressed their advantage, raiding and spreading fear among the colonists. A French attempt to force a pitched battle was unsuccessful.

Site: National Defence

Iroquois warriors lurking near French settlements during the 1650s

Type: Image

Until the 1660s, especially in the Montreal area, no one in the French settlements really felt quite safe from surprise attacks by hostile Iroquois warriors. Many Canadian settlers, including women, learned to handle firearms during the 1650s.

Site: National Defence

The European Failure

Type: Document

Unlike the Spanish Central America, Europeans were unable to successfully colonize North America in the 16th Century. Amerindian guerrilla tactics combined with a cold and hostile land to frustrate the newcomers. Nevertheless, North America became a theatre of war for European conflicts.

Site: National Defence

Attack on Schenectady - Claiming the Wilderness

Type: Document

A brief description of the guerilla raid on Albany in the English colony of New York by Canadian militiamen and Indians. It began with an attack on the fortified English village of Schnectady, which had been ordered by Frontenac and led by coureurs des bois. Taken from the television series "Canada: A People's History." Includes links to educational resources, bibliography, games, puzzles, and video clips.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Guerrilla Warfare In The Heart Of The French Colony

Type: Document

With Huronia destroyed and Fort Richelieu burnt, the centre of the French colony started to suffer badly from Iroquois raids. Attempts to strengthen the garrison, and also to found a mission among the Iroquois were failures.

Site: National Defence

Irregular Soldiers And Hardened Voyageurs

Type: Document

French colonists in Canada were skilled at shooting and using canoes and snowshoes to travel great distances. These skills were useful for mounting military raids. The Canadians were reluctant to fight in the militia during the 1670s, but became more enthusiastic when war with the Iroquois resumed.

Site: National Defence

Fragile Colonies

Type: Document

New France remained a struggling colony with a skeletal garrison. Constantly raided by the Iroquois, the colony was far smaller than the English or Dutch settlements in North America.

Site: National Defence

Pressure From the Iroquois Grows

Type: Document

The Iroquois, well equipped and well trained in the use of firearms, constantly attack newly-built Fort Richelieu. The French are forced to abandon this strategically vital fort.

Site: National Defence

The Shock of the Attack on Lachine

Type: Document

In 1689, the Iroquois attacked the village of Lachine near Montreal, killing many and taking others prisoner . Perceiving the Iroquois attack to be instigated by the English, with whom France had just gone to war, Governor Frontenac decided upon a formidable counterattack.

Site: National Defence

Insufficient Reinforcements

Type: Document

In response to the ever-increasing Iroquois raids, the Company of the 100 Associates sent more soldiers and a new governor to New France. They were not enough to make a difference. A further hundred men were sent at the expense of the French crown.

Site: National Defence