History Browser

Search Results

Subject > Wars, Battles and Conflicts > Early History to 1603

Resource Type > Document

Nomadic Cultures

Type: Document

Various nomadic cultures developed in what is modern-day Canada. Prior to European contact, there were hundreds of Amerindian peoples with histories stretching back thousands of years.

Site: National Defence

L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site of Canada:The Viking Encampment Vinland 1000 AD.

Type: Document

In the early years of the 11th century, the first Europeans to set foot in North America arrived on the shores of modern day L'Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland. These Scandinavians, collectively known as the Norse, had travelled west from their colonies in Iceland and Greenland. They had not come to raid, but to cut timber, hunt and explore the unknown wilderness they called Vinland.

Site: Parks Canada

Other Fruitless Expeditions

Type: Document

Martin Frobisher led unsuccessful English expeditions to find the Northwest Passage. There were conflicts with the Inuit. Other English mariners also voyaged to the region around Labrador.

Site: National Defence

The Skraelings' Way of War

Type: Document

Based on Viking accounts, the Skraelings were courageous and effective warriors. Their tactics have a lot in common with other Amerindian cultures.

Site: National Defence

War and the Foundation of Canada - Collision of Cultures

Type: Document

As early as 1000 CE, encounters between Europeans and First Peoples often led to violence.

Site: Canadian War Museum

The European Failure

Type: Document

Unlike the Spanish Central America, Europeans were unable to successfully colonize North America in the 16th Century. Amerindian guerrilla tactics combined with a cold and hostile land to frustrate the newcomers. Nevertheless, North America became a theatre of war for European conflicts.

Site: National Defence

Cannibalism and Scalping

Type: Document

Captives taken in warfare by Amerindian peoples were sometimes eaten. More common was the practice of taking scalps as a trophy.

Site: National Defence

Warring Nations - War Among the Six Nations - When the World Began

Type: Document

An outline of ancient Native Indian practices during times of war between various tribes . Part of television series entitled "Canada: A People's History." Includes links to educational resources, bibliography, games, puzzles, and video clips.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Chronology of Major Battles from 1000-1754

Type: Document

A list of the most important military engagements, both inside and outside Canada, that had an effect on the country.

Site: National Defence

Clothing And Adornment

Type: Document

The Amerindian peoples first encountered by the Europeans wore leather clothing. They decorated themselves and their clothes for religious and traditional reasons, and also to impress their enemies.

Site: National Defence