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Subject > Wars, Battles and Conflicts > British Colonial Period, 1760-1867

Organization > Canadian War Museum

Canada within the Empire - The Fenian Raids. 1841-1871

Type: Document

Following the American Civil War, the Fenian Brotherhood, largely composed of Irish-American veterans, sought to achieve Ireland’s independence from Britain by capturing Canada as a hostage. Canada's permanent militia units defeated the Fenians until the movement collapsed after 1871.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Canada within the Empire - Rebellions in the Canadas. 1837-1841

Type: Document

In 1837, rebellions in Upper and Lower Canada erupted against the British colonial government. Both rebellions were unsuccessful.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Canada within the Empire - The War of 1812: Invasion Repelled. 1812-1813

Type: Document

In June 1812, the United States declared war on Great Britain. The resulting War of 1812 was fought largely on Canadian territory, especially along the Niagara frontier.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Revolution Rejected: Canada and the American Revolution

Type: Document

"Revolution Rejected" is an exhibition at the Canadian War Museum that illustrates, through diorama, the military experience of the siege of Quebec City by American soldiers and the personal experience of a young American girl from a Loyalist family who survived the American Revolution and sought refuge in Canada after 1783.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Canada within the Empire - The War of 1812: Canada Saved. 1813-1814

Type: Document

In 1814, England and the United States signed the Treaty of Ghent. American attempts to invade Canada since 1812 had failed.

Site: Canadian War Museum