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National Historic Site - Battle of Queenston Heights

Type: Document

The Battle of Queenston Heights took place in October of 1812, in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, when an American invasion force was defeated.

Site: Parks Canada

Mohawk Warrior from Tyendinaga, 1813

Type: Image

This man is from one of the several Iroquois settlements established in Canada after the American Revolution (1775-1783). With face paint, capot (coat), sash and mitasses (leggings), he is dressed for cold weather. Warriors from several settlements (including Tyendinaga, near Belleville, Ontario) gave outstanding services during the War of 1812. One triumph was at Beaver Dams in June 1813. Warned by Laura Secord, a party of 100 Mohawks from Grand River joined with a 300-strong group of Iroquois from Kanesatake, Kahnawake (both near Montreal, Quebec) and Akwesasne (near Cornwall, Ontario) to force a strong American force to surrender at Beaver Dams on 24 June 1813. Reconstruction by Ronald B. Volstad. (Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

Map of the Niagara Peninsula

Type: Image

This map of the Niagara Peninsula shows the principle settlements and fortifications found in the frontier region during the War of 1812. The map dates from the mid-19th century, and also shows later features such as the Welland Canal (first opened in 1829), several railways, the 1855 Niagara Falls suspension bridge and the site of the 1866 battle of Ridgeway.

Site: National Defence

Fort George National Historic Site of Canada: Queenston Heights and Brock's Monument : Battle of Queenston Heights

Type: Document

A description of the Battle of Queenston Heights, a key battle in the War of 1812 and the conflict in which Major-General Isaac Brock, Commander-in-Chief of the British forces in Upper Canada, was killed by an American bullet. A history of Brock's Monument, the memorial which marks the gravesite of the famous general, is included.

Site: Parks Canada

The battle of Queenston Heights, 13 October 1812

Type: Image

This 1836 engraving shows American troops (shown in blue uniforms) crossing the Niagara River and landing at Queenston. British and Canadian troops (shown in red uniforms) under General Isaac Brock came from Newark (now Niagara-on-the-Lake) and drove the Americans back to the heights. Seeing this, New York militiamen still on the American shore refused to cross into Canada to reinforce the troops there. General Brock was killed during an early attack on the heights. The original sketch copied by this engraving was made by James Dennis (1796-1855), the senior British officer at Queenston when the Americans first landed. His grenadier company of the 49th (the Hertfordshire) Regiment of Foot fought throughout the battle. (Library and Archives Canada, C-000276)

Site: National Defence

Canada within the Empire - The War of 1812: Invasion Repelled. 1812-1813

Type: Document

In June 1812, the United States declared war on Great Britain. The resulting War of 1812 was fought largely on Canadian territory, especially along the Niagara frontier.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Invasion Repelled at Queenston

Type: Document

General Brock led his troops to face an American thrust across the Niagara River in October 1812. Although Brock died in the battle of Queenston Heights, the large but badly led American invasion force was forced to surrender.

Site: National Defence