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Patriotes capture a piece of British artillery during the Battle of Saint-Denis, 23 November 1837

Type: Image

The Patriotes are shown celebrating the capture a piece of an abandoned British artillery piece after their victory at Saint-Denis, 22 November, 1837. This 1887 reconstruction by Henri Julien gives a good idea of the varied clothing and weapons worn by the rebels. Note, for instance, the pitchfork-wielding man wearing a capot and touque at right centre. One minor inaccuracy is that the weapon shown is a long-barreled cannon instead of the short-barreled howitzer that was taken on the day. (Library and Archives Canada, C-018294)

Site: National Defence

Map of the Montreal area at the time of the 1837-1838 Rebellions

Type: Image

The rebellions occurred mainly in the Richelieu River Valley in Saint-Denis and Saint-Charles, as well as in Saint-Eustache and in the vicinity of Beauharnois.

Site: National Defence

British regulars troops try to advance, St. Denis, 23 November 1837

Type: Image

A column made up of detachments from three British regular regiments faced a stiff resistance from Patriote forces at St. Denis. On a foul winter's day, the 300 troops were defeated by the 800 poorly armed but determined Patriotes.

Site: National Defence

Battle of Saint-Denis - Rebellion and Reform

Type: Document

Describes the battle of Saint-Denis between British soldiers and "les Patriotes" of Lower Canada. This confrontation marked the beginning of civil war in Canada. From the television series "Canada: A People's History." Includes links to educational resources, bibliography, games, puzzles, and video clips.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Doctor Wolfred Nelson

Type: Image

Doctor Nelson (1791-1863) led the victorious Patriote forces at St. Denis in November 1837. This 1838 watercolour was made during his exile in Bermuda. (Library and Archives Canada, C-083488)

Site: National Defence

First Victory to the Patriotes

Type: Document

After the outbreak of the 1837 Lower Canada Rebellion, the first task facing the garrison of Montreal was regaining control of the counties around the city. In the first engagement, at Saint-Denis, a surprised column of mostly British troops was defeated by Patriote forces.

Site: National Defence