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Subject > Wars, Battles and Conflicts > Canada, the nation, since 1867

Organization > Veterans Affairs Canada

Royal Canadian Warships that Participated in the Battle of the Gulf of St. Lawrence

Type: Document

A list of Canadian vessels that participated in the Battle of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in World War II: Royal Class frigates, corvettes, Bangor minesweepers, wooden minesweepers, armed yachts, auxiliaries, and Fairmile motor launches.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

Ships Lost in the Battle of the Gulf of St. Lawrence

Type: Document

A list of ships lost in the Battle of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Listed beside each ship is the number of lives lost (where known), the date the vessel sunk, and the U-boat that was responsible.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

Introduction to the Battle of the Gulf of St. Lawrence

Type: Document

The Battle of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, which saw German U-boats penetrate the Cabot Strait and the Strait of Belle Isle to sink 23 ships between 1942 and 1944, marked the only time since the War of 1812 that enemy warships inflicted death within Canada's inland waters. The battle advanced to within 300 kilometres of Québec City. A war that pervaded people's lives but was still somehow remote, had become immediate, threatening, and very real. This site outlines the story of this battle.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

Commemoration - Battle of the Gulf of St. Lawrence

Type: Document

Many of those whose lives were claimed by the Battle of the Gulf of St. Lawrence have no known grave. Their lives, and their sacrifices, are commemorated on Commonwealth War Graves Commission memorials on both sides of the Atlantic. This website gives account of these memorials and awards.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

Battle of the Gulf of St. Lawrence (1942-1944)

Type: Document

Table of contents with links to various topics concerning the Battle of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in the Second World War.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

British Commonwealth Air Training Plan

Type: Document

In 1939, Prime Minister Mackenzie King had a dream which he believed was a sign of "the power of the airplane in determining ultimate victory" for the war effort. That dream became a reality in the form of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP).

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

Last Major Encounters - Battle of the Gulf of St. Lawrence

Type: Document

In 1944 German U-boats returned to the Gulf of St. Lawrence, which had been re-opened to trans-Atlantic vessels, intent on repeating their successes of 1942. By this time the Royal Canadian Navy was more adept at anti-submarine warfare, and its convoy procedures were much improved. Maritime air patrols were more proficient too. The U-boats returned with a potentially deadly advantage, however: the newly invented schnorkel mast.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

John McCrae

Type: Document

Repertoire of resources pertaining to John McCrae, a doctor, teacher, and poet who served in both the South African War and the First World War. His famous poem "In Flanders Fields" can also be found here.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

Ryes/Bazenville

Type: Document

A predominantly British cemetery, Ryes/Bazenville contains the graves of 21 Canadians of various regiments. This resource also has a link to the history of CANLOAN, an officer sharing scheme arranged between Britain and Canada.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

Yokahama Commonwealth War Cemetery

Type: Document

The Yokohama British Commonwealth War Cemetery is the only British Commonwealth Cemetery in Japan. In addition to graves, it contains memorials, a shrine, and a register commemorating the fallen of Canada, Britain, Australia, New Zealand, the United States, and the Netherlands.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada