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9 pounder RML gun during the Battle of Fish Creek, 24 April 1885

Type: Image

This photograph of a gun from A Battery, Regiment of Canadian Artillery was taken during the fighting at Fish Creek on 24 April 1885. Captain James Peters of A Battery was an amateur photographer who took his camera to the North-West and took what are possibly the first photographs in history of a battle in progress. (Library and Archives Canada, C-003461)

Site: National Defence

The Advance to Batoche

Type: Document

After refresher training, the main column under General Middleton moved towards Batoche from Qu'Appelle. Middleton's moves were cautious as he had little faith in the expertise of the militia under him, and the lessons of the massacre of Custer in 1876 and the recent Indian massacres at Duck Lake and Frog Lake. He divided his column on either side of the South Saskatchewan River and was ambushed at Fish Creek, resulting in a retreat and a two week rest while he retrained his troops.

Site: National Defence

Battle of Fish Creek, 24 April 1885

Type: Image

This print of the 24 April 1885 battle of Fish Creek was based on sketches by a Toronto militiaman who was part of General Middleton's column. 150 Métis and Teton Sioux led by Gabriel Dumont attempted to ambush the 900 Canadians as they approached the deep ravine of Fish Creek. The inexperienced militia spent the day trying to drive Dumont from his position without success. Although the battle itself was a stalemate, the Canadians retreated and halted their advance towards Batoche for two weeks. The figures in green are the 90th Winnipeg Battalion of Rifles, while those in red are the 10th Battalion Royal Grenadiers (who did not really take part in the fighting).

Site: National Defence

Batoche National Historic Site of Canada - North West Rebellion/Métis Resistance

Type: Document

There were five significant engagements during the North West Rebellion. Here is a brief description of the parties involved and the eventual outcome of these battles.

Site: Parks Canada