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Battle of the Somme

Type: Film and Video

By 1916, the First World War has become a stalemate. The battlefields of Europe have been dug into 800 kilometres of trenches. Men are dying, but no ground is being won or lost. On July 1, 1916, 150,000 Allied troops - including thousands of Canadians and Newfoundlanders - go over the top in an attempt to open up the western front. The result is a bloodbath. In this clip from the 90th anniversary of the Battle of the Somme, historian Martin Gilbert describes the futility of "The Big Push."

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Brothers in Arms

Type: Document

Alexander Smith Jr. earned his Military Cross in France in September 1916 during the second Allied assault on the Somme. When the war ended, he was also named an Officer of the Order of the Black Star, a Polish order, one of only five Canadians to receive this honour. His younger brother, Charles Denton Smith earned his Military Cross in Mons Belgium and received it in France on November 9, 1918 - two days before the war ended.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

First World War - Troops and Traditions - Canadian Expeditionary Force

Type: DocumentImage

A comprehensive bibliography of resources on the Canadian Expeditionary Force, including official history, accounts of specific battles and the role of war technologies.

Site: Library and Archives Canada

Canada and the First World War - War Diaries - Battles of the Somme

Type: DocumentImage

Summarizes the Battles of the Somme, fought by the Canadian troops against the Germans in autumn of 1916. Links to Archivianet's War Diary Database.

Site: Library and Archives Canada

The Terror of the Somme

Type: Document

In 1916, the battles of the Somme hardened Canadian soldiers. Canadians gained a reputation for offensive action at Courcelette, Thiepval Ridge and the Regina Trench.

Site: National Defence

Newfoundland Gueudecourt Memorial

Type: DocumentImage

On October 12, 1916, the Newfoundland Regiment made its heroic assault during the Battle of Le Transloy, one of the major battles of the Somme. Here is a brief story of their courage and sacrifice.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

Beaumont-Hamel National Historic Site of Canada : Parks Canada's 3-D Tours: Defence of Canada

Type: Interactive Resource

Parks Canada has provided a virtual doorway to explore Canada's national historic military sites. Online tours enable the user to travel to the sites of famous battles or view a famous building. Both virtual and text tours are available. The Newfoundland Memorial Site is located within the French commune of Beaumont-Hamel, at the northern end of the region of the Somme, some nine kilometres northeast of the town of Albert. Opened in 1925, the site commemorates Newfoundlanders who served in the First World War.

Site: Parks Canada

Fast Facts - Newfoundland Beaumont-Hamel Memorial

Type: Document

A quick summary of the battle that took place in Beaumont-Hamel Memorial Park and facts about the park itself. It provides an easy reference tool for those interested in this historic site.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

The Battle of the Somme

Type: Document

Virtual book depicting the Battle of the Somme

Site: University of Calgary

The Battles of the Somme and Beaumont-Hamel - Learning Activities

Type: Document

This section provides educators and youth with learning activities to explore the important role played by Canada and Newfoundland in the Battles of the Somme and Beaumont-Hamel. These learning resources are designed to educate youth about the history and personal experiences of those who fought in these battles.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada