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Opening the Estuary - Belgium 1944

Type: Document

An outline of the four main operations in the Allied plan to open the Scheldt estuary in Belgium in the fall of 1944.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

Introduction to the Battle of the Scheldt

Type: Document

During World War Two, the First Canadian Army was assigned the task of clearing the coastal areas in northwestern Europe and opening the channel ports for vital supplies. This site looks at the initial events of this endeavour.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

Battle of the Scheldt - Canada and the Second World War, 1939-1945

Type: Document

Opening the port of Antwerp became necessary to supply the Allied forces in northwest Europe. The British and Canadians accomplished the mission and cleared the surrounding countryside of German forces in a series of operations.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

Fighting North from Antwerp - Belgium 1944

Type: Document

An outline of the First Canadian Army's operations in Belgium (the Battle of the Scheldt) from the period of October 2 to October 24, 1944.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

Canadian Participation in the Operations in North-West Europe, 1944 - Part V - Clearing the Channel Ports, 3 Sep 44 - 6 Feb 45

Type: Document

This report presents a detailed narrative of the operations of First Canadian Army in reducing the great channel fortresses of Le Havre, Boulogne and Calais, and in laying siege to Dunkirk.

Site: National Defence

Battle of the Scheldt and the Liberation of Holland

Type: Document

Description of events surrounding the opening of the port of Antwerp by the First Canadian Army in the autumn of 1944.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

Battle of the Scheldt

Type: Document

A description of the operations of the First Canadian Army in Belguim, under the command of Lieutenant-General Guy Simonds, as it attempted to break German control over the sea approaches to Antwerp and the long winding estuary of the West Scheldt.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

Sergeant Harold A. Marshall, The Calgary Highlanders, Belgium, 6 October 1944

Type: Image

This painting is based on a famous 6 October 1944 picture taken by Canadian war photographer Ken Bell. Sergeant Harold A. Marshall was the sergeant of the scout platoon of The Calgary Highlanders. He was a sniper, trained and equipped to kill at long range. Marshall carries a SMLE no. 4 Mk 1 (T) rifle fitted with a sniper scope. He wears a 'Denison smock,' designed for use by paratroops, but adopted by snipers because of its camouflage pattern. Over his head the sergeant wears his green and brown mesh face veil. Reconstruction by Ron Volstad. (Canadian Department of National Defence)

Site: National Defence

Introduction to the Study of Military History for Canadian Students

Type: Document

This publication offers nine examples of Canadian campaigns chosen from different periods of history. It also includes a very brief history of the development of Canadian Army organization. The Principles of War, in the form adopted by the Canadian Chiefs of Staff, are printed as an appendix.

Site: National Defence

Canadian Participation in the Operations in North-West Europe, 1944 - Part VI - Canadian Operations, 1 Oct - 8 Nov - The Clearing of the Scheldt Estuary

Type: Document

This report is a detailed narrative of operations in North-West Europe when First Canadian Army was engaged in clearing the enemy from the shores and islands of the Scheldt estuary.

Site: National Defence