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Beating the Amerindians at Their Own Game

Type: Document

The British column sent to relieve Fort Pitt was attacked by Pontiac's men on August 5, 1763. Using the Amerindian's own tactics, the British routed the natives. After this defeat, the Amerindian sieges of the remaining British-held forts were lifted, and Pontiac's coalition dissolved.

Site: National Defence

Amerindian Displeasure

Type: Document

The change in 1761 from French to British garrisons in the forts of the West brought trouble. The local Amerindian nations preferred the French, and had no love for the Americans, who treated the land as a conquest ripe for colonization.

Site: National Defence

War and the Foundation of Canada - Permanent European Settlement

Type: Document

During the 16th century, European fishermen, whalers, traders, adventurers, and explorers visited the eastern seaboard of North America and established a lucrative fur trade by the early 1600s. While fishermen and whalers had generally co-operated with First Peoples in exchanging goods, permanent European settlement and involvement in the fur trade with Hurons and Algonkians soon led the French to join these nations in their war with the Iroquois Confederacy.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Pontiac's Whirlwind Campaign

Type: Document

In 1763, led by Algonquin chief Pontiac, an alliance of Amerindian peoples captured most of the British-held forts and posts in the west. Only three of those attacked held out, and they were subjected to lengthy sieges.

Site: National Defence

The British Response

Type: Document

In the summer of 1763, the British were worried about losing the fur trade because of Pontiac's revolt against them. General Amherst, the British commander in North America, sent two forces to retake the western forts that had been captured by Pontiac's men.

Site: National Defence

Canadians in British Service

Type: Document

To help fight against Pontiac's revolt in the west, British general Murray raised a battalion of Canadian Volunteers in the spring of 1764. Being paid for military service was new to the Canadians, but recruiting was slow at first. People were afraid that men would be joining the army for life.

Site: National Defence

War and the Foundation of Canada - New France And The Iroquois Wars

Type: Document

Samuel de Champlain shot and killed two Iroquois chiefs in 1609 at Ticonderoga. This set off a long, bitter war between the French colonists and the Iroquois Confederacy.

Site: Canadian War Museum

War and the Foundation of Canada - New France’s Militarized Society

Type: Document

From 1650 to 1760, French settlements in Québec City, Montréal, and Trois-Rivières created a society organized for war. Under the order of Louis XIV, King of France, every man underwent mandatory military training. Supported by allies of the First Peoples and a small garrison of professional soldiers, the Canadien militia formed the backbone of the colony’s military forces until the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763).

Site: Canadian War Museum