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Date > 1600

Subject > Strategy and Tactics > Amphibious

A Garrison at Placentia

Type: Document

A small garrison of Troupes de la Marine arrived in Newfoundland in 1687, where fortifications were gradually established. The garrison suffered from desertion, and was attacked by pirates, English privateers and the English Royal Navy.

Site: National Defence

Acadia

Type: Document

When restored to France in 1667, Acadia also benefited from King Louis XIV's policy of strengthening his colonies. Royal troops were sent to the colony, but were soon disbanded. When France declared war on the Netherlands in 1672, poorly defended Acadia suffered badly at the hands of Dutch privateers.

Site: National Defence

The Remarkable d'Iberville

Type: Document

Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville, the Canadian officer who had recently captured several English posts on Hudson Bay, came east in 1696 and led a devastating series of attacks on English outposts in New England and Newfoundland, including the capture of St. John's, the capital.

Site: National Defence

The American Colonies Attack New France

Type: Document

In reply to French attacks from Canada, the English colonies decided to destroy New France. An army of American militia and Iroquois warriors gathered to prepare to attack towards Montreal. A Massachusetts expedition successfully took Port-Royal in Acadia.

Site: National Defence

Phips At Quebec

Type: Document

Encouraged by success at Port-Royal, the New Englanders sent a fleet and army under Phips to try to capture Quebec. The defenders, led by Count Frontenac, drove off the attack. The Americans, who had financed the attack on credit, were greatly chastened.

Site: National Defence