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Date > 1700 > 1780-1789

Weapons

Type: Document

This section illustrates a selection of firearms and bladed weapons used by British and Canadian military units during the 18th and 19th centuries.

Site: National Defence

Histoire - Canada - Pré-1867 - Guerres et Conflits

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Répertoire de films de l'ONF traitant des guerres et conflits dans l'histoire canadienne avant 1867.

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Les uniformes

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Cette section contient une collection d'objets conservés et d'illustrations réalisées par des artistes de l'époque. On y trouve des uniformes d'officiers et d'hommes du rang de diverses unités canadiennes et britanniques ayant servi dans ce qui est maintenant le Canada entre 1780 et 1870.

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The Military Art of the American Northwest

Type: Document

War in the Pacific Northwest centred around the canoe, which could be up to 20 metres long. Flotillas of canoes would attack enemy villages, hoping to capture prisoners to keep as slaves. Coastal forts of cedar logs were to be found, used to help control and tax maritime trade.

Site: National Defence

Americans Forced On the Defensive

Type: Document

Trying to strike back at the Loyalist raiders who caused such trouble, the American rebels sent troops to destroy Iroquois settlements in 1779. Although thousands of refugees were forced to flee, the raids continued with increased strength, with the rebels generally on the losing side.

Site: National Defence

Lieutenant Esteban José Martínez Fernández y Martínez de la Sierra, Marina real, circa 1785

Type: Image

Martínez (1742-1798), shown here in the full dress uniform of a lieutenant in the Marina real (the Spanish navy) was a key figure in the Spanish exploration of the northwest coast of America. In 1774, he was second in command of the Spanish frigate Santiago, which made the first recorded contact with the Haida in the Queen Charlotte Archipelago. In 1790, Martínez was the officer who almost sent Spain and Great Britain to war with his conduct during the diplomatic standoff at Nootka. (Museo Naval, Madrid)

Site: National Defence

Military Costumes

Type: Document

This section is a collection of surviving artifacts and period artists' illustrations. Illustrated are uniform coats of officers or enlisted men from a variety of Canadian and British units that served in present-day Canada during the period 1780-1870.

Site: National Defence

De redoutables guerriers

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Aux 18e et 19e siècles, les peuples de la côte Pacifique sont de farouches combattants. Leurs guerriers utilisent l'arc, la lance, le casse-tête et le poignard à lame d'os, et portent parfois une armure de bois. Ils préfèrent l'assaut en groupe, mais n'hésitent pas à recourir à la duplicité au cours de rencontres « amicales ».

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Britanniques au fort Chambly

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Après la Conquête en 1760, les Britanniques s'installent au fort Chambly. Ce site web décrit le rôle du fort durant l'invasion du Canada par les Américains en 1775-1776, et encore durant la guerre de 1812.

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Hommes du King's Royal Regiment of New York s'installant à Johnstown en 1784

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Cette aquarelle contemporaine illustre un campement de vétérans loyalistes et leur famille, à Johnstown (aujourd'hui Cornwall en Ontario), en 1784. Certains de ces hommes du King's Royal Regiment of New York portent encore leur uniforme rouge. (Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, C-002001)

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