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Subject > Politics and Society > Information and Media

Carry On Canada! Canadians Urged to Boost War Effort

Type: Film and Video

It starts off as a casual conversation about politics. But by the end of the conversation, both men are convinced: it's time to join the army. "I guess we better swing into line," concedes one of the men in this short radio skit. This dramatized chat is part of the 1941 CBC program Carry On Canada, a weekly show aimed at persuading Canadians to help with the war effort. This episode also includes "a call to every Canadian housewife" to collect unused aluminum and donate it to "your government for war purposes."

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Propaganda and the Second World War

Type: Film and Video

"Buy Victory Bonds!" Spread war-related rumours and you risk becoming "one of Hitler's Little Helpers." Ladies, join the army and you'll be "the proudest girl in the world!" Persuasive messages like these were everywhere during the Second World War, including on CBC Radio and Canadian movie screens. Indeed, wartime propaganda wasn't just the domain of Nazi Germany — Canada too created films, radio dramas and posters aimed at convincing citizens to join the military or help out on the home front.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Jewish Refugees Already Fleeing Germany

Type: Film and Video

The war hasn't even begun yet, and Germany's Jews are already under attack. Persecuted by the Nazi government, many are trying to escape. "Thousands are seeking asylum and sanctuary on our doorstep," says Lord Baldwin, Britain's former prime minister. In this appeal broadcast on CBC Radio, he asks listeners to send money to aid the refugees. The situation is so desperate that parents are willing to send their children to safety even if it means they'll never see them again.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Art Holmes Records The Sounds of the Second World War

Type: Film and Video

CBC Soundman Art Holmes describes the sound of war.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

The Somalia Affair: Paper Chase

Type: Film and Video

Canadian Armed Forces personnel across Canada spend the day searching for missing documentation and computer logs. Orders have come from the top down to forward any documents pertaining to the Somalia mission to the Somalia Inquiry Commission.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Bringing the War into the Classroom

Type: Film and Video

Combining education and entertainment came naturally to CBC Radio in the 1940s. In classrooms across the country, teachers were tuning in to a new series, the National School Broadcasts. Friday mornings at 10:00, students could hear special newscasts written for classrooms, followed by dramatic stories of Canadian pioneers. In this news segment clip, we hear an explanation of politics in China, and the momentous battles taking place at Stalingrad and Guadalcanal.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Matthew Halton Remembered by Colleagues

Type: Film and Video

At the age of 52, Matthew Halton passes away following stomach surgery to remove an ulcer in London. In this CBC Radio report, his colleagues remember Halton as a passionate idealist, an eloquent chronicler, a mentor, family man, and a perfect host of deep sympathy. "He cared about human freedom, human dignity and the right to live a life in peace," CBC journalist Norman DePoe explains. "Because he cared, he made us care too."

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Propaganda: 'Hitler's Little Helpers'

Type: Film and Video

"Are you one of Hitler's little helpers?" That's the question posed each week on CBC Radio's Comrades in Arms. The regular segment warns Canadians at home against rumour and gossip that could hurt morale, or aid the enemy. This week: English pilots training in Canada are rumoured to have rejected corn on the cob, thinking it's pigs' feed. If you think they're ungrateful, the show warns, "Remember to think first before you babble!"

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Radio as a Propaganda Tool

Type: Film and Video

"Propaganda has been around as long as power," declares journalist Arn Saba in this 1981 CBC Radio documentary. The moment radio was invented, however, the ancient art of propaganda was given a whole new tool for transmission. By looking at examples from the 1936 U.S. presidential campaign, the Second World War (including recordings of speeches by Adolf Hitler, Winston Churchill, Axis Sally and Tokyo Rose) and even modern-day advertising, we learn about the strength of radio as a conduit for propaganda.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Canadian Soldiers under Investigation

Type: Film and Video

Reporter Jim Day witnesses the curious removal of an unconscious soldier from a holding cell in Belet Huen. He finds out that the soldier, Corporal Clayton Matchee, has attempted suicide. The rest of the story – one of torture, murder, racism, aggression and denial - will unfold over the next four years. In this CBC Television report, Paul Adams indicates that four soldiers have been taken into custody for the murder of a Somali man.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation