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Concluding Phase of Operations by the 1st Cdn Army - Part I - The Operations of First Cdn Army, 2-11 Apr 45

Type: Document

This official report deals with the operations of the First Canadian Army in North-West Europe during the last phase of the campaign from April 2, 1945, when General H.D.G. Crerar's headquarters assumed control of Canadian operations east of the Rhine, to the signing of the instrument of surrender by plenipotentiaries of the German High Command at Field Marshal Montgomery's Tactical Headquarters on May 4, resulting in the cease fire order.

Site: National Defence

Army Participation in Measures taken by the Three Services for the Security of the Gulf of St Lawrence and the Lower River during the Period of German Submarine Activity, 1942-45

Type: Document

This report discusses the measures taken by the Army to safeguard the civil population and vital installations in the Lower St. Lawrence region as a result of the incursion of German submarines into the Gulf and River in 1942. After Japanese forces struck at Pearl Harbour, the whole perspective of the war was changed and the Allied powers had to redistribute their naval resources to cover the new areas in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. The German enemy's response to this new situation was to mount more agressive U-boat attacks from the Atlantic and heading westward.

Site: National Defence

Japanese Balloon Enterprise Against North America

Type: Document

This report is an account of the Japanese balloon attacks against the United States and Canada in the final year of the Second World War, and the measures adopted, especially in Canada, to meet this new type of warfare. It also includes information on the effectiveness of the attacks and the types of weapons dropped by the balloons.

Site: National Defence

Policy Governing the Finding and Selection of Officers for the CASF (later CAA)

Type: Document

One of the problems that confronted the Department of National Defence at the outbreak of war in 1939 was the provision of officers for the rapidly-expanding armed forces of Canada. Mobilization instructions from 1937 detailed the available sources from which such officers might be drawn, but said nothing about the methods of their selection.

Site: National Defence

Canadian Participation in the Operations in North-West Europe, 1944 - Part III - Canadian Operations, 1-23 August

Type: Document

This report presents a detailed narrative of Canadian operations in Normandy during the period 1-23 August 1944.

Site: National Defence

Situation of the Canadian Military Forces Overseas, Autumn, 1943 - III - Recent Changes in Commands and Staffs

Type: Document

The period between September 3, 1943 and December 31, 1943 witnessed many important changes in command and staff of the Canadian Army Overseas, including the retirement of Lt.-Gen. McNaughton from the command of First Canadian Army. This report deals with those changes.

Site: National Defence

Problem of Selection and Reallocation of Personnel in the Canadian Army Overseas, 1939-1946

Type: Document

This report is an attempt to deal with aspects of recruitment, training, and psychological assessment in order to best utilize the manpower available to the Canadian Army Overseas.

Site: National Defence

Canadian Operations in the Liri Valley, May-June 1944

Type: Document

This report is an account of the part played by Canadian military forces in the significant and large-scale operation of Fifth and Eighth Armies in the Italian theatre of war in May and June 1944.

Site: National Defence

Enemy Air Action and the Canadian Army in the United Kingdom, 1939-43

Type: Document

This report is an account of the effect of enemy air action on units and men of the Canadian Army in the United Kingdom during the period 1939 – 1943, and of the part played by Canadian units in the defence of Britain against the enemy air force in those years.

Site: National Defence

7th Canadian Division

Type: Document

This report deals with the organization of the 7th Canadian Division, established during the Second World War for Home Defence.

Site: National Defence